JESOR–‐Development Program is one of the initiatives at the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology. It builds on the experience of “The Transfer of Knowledge through Expatriate Nationals (TOKTEN) Programme” which was administered by the Academy of Scientific Research and Technology. The programme started in 1980 and was funded by UNDP. Between 1992 and 1994, Government of Egypt and UNDP shared costs of the programme. Since 1995, the program became fully–‐funded by the Egyptian government. From 1980 to 2005, the programme was able to attract 443 Egyptian expatriates from North America, Australia and Europe, which are the major destinations for permanent migration
JESOR–‐D offers a grant up to 1 million EGP for each successful applicant based on the published calls of proposals. Proposals are submitted by public or private Egyptian organizations aimed at tackling local or societal challenges where some of the tasks will be carried out or supported by Egyptian Expert(s) in the diaspora. The engagement of Egyptian expert(s) abroad is a must during the implementation phase.